Stem

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Contents

English

Noun

Stem (plural Stems)
  1. (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
  2. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogue the shaft of a feather.
  3. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  4. (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.
  5. (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  6. (music) A vertical stroke of a symbol representing a note in written music.
  7. (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.

Derived terms

Verb

Stem (third-person singular simple present Stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To take out the stem from.
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
    The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  3. To descend in a family line.
  4. To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.
  5. (obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.ii:
      As when two warlike Brigandines at sea, / With murdrous weapons arm'd to cruell fight, / Doe meete together on the watry lea, / They stemme ech other with so fell despight, / That with the shocke of their owne heedlesse might, / Their wooden ribs are shaken nigh a sonder [...].

Verb

Stem (third-person singular simple present Stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    • stem a tide
  2. (skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.

Synonyms

Adjectives for Stem

enchanted; deathless; gnarled; immovable tapering; supple; tough; knotted; fibrous apparent; sacred; insignificant; succulent climbing; nourishing; straggling; fan-edged; fruitless; slender; bending.

Verbs for Stem

clasp—; crop—; ground—; heighten—; hinge on—; level—; pivot on—; pluck from —; snip—; spring from—; sway on—; — curves; —extends; —forks; —rises; —supports ; —sustains.

Thesaurus

IC analysis, Maypole, V, accidence, accrue from, adjutage, advance, affiliation, affix, affixation, affront, allomorph, animal kingdom, ankle, antagonize, anthrophore, apparentation, arise, arise from, arrest, ascender, axis, back, baluster, balustrade, banister, bar, base, bastard type, battle, bayonet legs, be contingent on, be due to, beak, beard, beat against, beat up against, beginning, belly, bevel, bifurcate, birth, black letter, block, blood, bloodline, body, bole, bound morpheme, bow, bowlegs, bows, bowsprit, brake, branch, branch out, brave, breast, breast the wave, breed, bring before, bring forward, bring to, bring up, bring up short, brood, buck, bud from, buffet, buffet the waves, calf, cane, cap, capital, carpophore, caryatid, case, catheter, caudex, caulicle, caulis, challenge, check, checkmate, clan, class, close with, cnemis, colonnade, column, combat, come, come along, come from, come on, come out of, commencement, common ancestry, compete with, conception, confront, confront with, conjugation, consanguinity, contend against, contest, control, counter, cover ground, crotch, crutch, culm, curb, cut short, cutting, dado, dam, dare, deadlock, declension, defy, delta, deme, depend on, derivation, derive, derive from, descend, descend from, descender, descent, develop, die, difference of form, diminish, direct line, distaff side, divaricate, drainpipe, draw rein, drumstick, efflux tube, em, emanate, emanate from, emerge from, en, enclitic, encounter, ensue from, envisage, extraction, face, face with, family, fan, fat-faced type, feet, female line, fight, fight against, figurehead, filiation, fire hose, flagstaff, flow, flow from, flue pipe, folk, follow from, font, footstalk, forecastle, foredeck, foreleg, forepeak, fork, formative, free form, freeze, front, funicule, funiculus, funnel, furcate, furcula, furculum, gain ground, gamb, gambrel, garden hose, gas pipe, gather head, gather way, generate, genesis, gens, germinate from, get ahead, get along, gigot, go, go ahead, go along, go fast, go forward, go on, grapple with, grass roots, groin, groove, grow, grow from, grow out of, halt, ham, hang on, haulm, head, hind leg, hinge on, hock, hose, hosepipe, house, immediate constituent analysis, inception, infix, infixation, inflection, inguen, issue, issue from, italic, jack, jamb, jib boom, join battle with, kind, knee, labor against, lay before, leafstalk, leg, lessen, letter, ligature, limb, line, line of descent, lineage, logotype, lower case, majuscule, make good time, make head against, make progress, make progress against, make strides, make up leeway, male line, matriclan, meet, meet squarely, militate against, minuscule, morph, morpheme, morphemic analysis, morphemics, morphology, morphophonemics, move, move forward, nation, newel-post, nick, nipple, nose, offer resistance, offshoot, order, organ pipe, origin, original, originate, originate in, origination, paradigm, pass along, pass on, patriclan, pedestal, pedicel, peduncle, people, petiole, petiolule, petiolus, phratry, phyle, phylum, pi, pica, pier, pilaster, pile, piling, pillar, pipe, pipeline, pipette, piping, place before, plant kingdom, plinth, podite, point, pole, popliteal space, post, prefix, prefixation, present to, prevail over, print, proceed, proceed from, proclitic, progress, prong, prore, provenience, prow, pull up, put it to, put paid to, queen-post, quell, race, radical, radix, ramification, ramify, reduce, reed, reed pipe, reluct, reluctate, resist, result, retard, rise, rival, rod, roll, roman, root, rostrum, sans serif, scape, scissor-legs, script, seed, seedstalk, sept, set before, shaft, shank, shin, shoot, shoulder, siamese, siamese connection, side, siphon, slow, small cap, small capital, snorkel, socle, soil pipe, source, spear, spear side, species, spindle side, spire, spring, spring from, sprout, sprout from, staff, stalemate, stalk, stall, stamp, stanch, stanchion, stand, standard, standpipe, staunch, stay, steam pipe, stem from, stem the tide, stems, step forward, stick, stipe, stirps, stock, stop, stop cold, stop dead, stop short, strain, straw, strive against, struggle against, stumps, subbase, succession, suffix, suffixation, suppress, surbase, sword side, take on, tap, taproot, tarsus, theme, tigella, tongue, totem, totem pole, travel, tribe, trident, trifurcate, trotters, trunk, tube, tubing, tubulation, tubule, tubulet, tubulure, turn on, type, type body, type class, type lice, typecase, typeface, typefounders, typefoundry, upper case, upright, vie with, waste pipe, water pipe, wishbone, withstand, word-formation

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English stemn, stefn (stem, trunk (of a tree)), from Proto-Germanic *stamniz.

Etymology 2

From Old Norse stemma (to stop, stem, dam) ( > Danish stemme/stæmme (to stem, dam up)), from Proto-Germanic *stamjan. Cognate with German stemmen; compare stammer.

Translations

Noun

The translations below need to be checked.

Verb

Verb

External links

Anagrams


Dutch

Noun

Stem f. and m. (plural stemmen, diminutive stemmetje, diminutive plural stemmetjes)

  1. voice

Verb

Stem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stemmen.
  2. imperative of stemmen.

Etymology

From Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stemnō.

Pronunciation

Anagrams


Latin

Verb

stem

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of stō
    1. "may I stand"
    2. "may I stay, may I remain"
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