Adlai Stevenson III
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|Adlai Ewing Stevenson III|
| United States Senator|
November 17, 1970 – January 2, 1981
|Preceded by||Ralph Tyler Smith|
|Succeeded by||Alan J. Dixon|
|Born|| October 10, 1930|
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
Education, military service, and early career
Adlai Stevenson III attended the Milton Academy in Massachusetts, Harrow School in England, and Harvard College.
He received a law degree in 1957 from Harvard.
Stevenson was commissioned as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1952, served in Korea and was discharged from active duty in 1954. He continued to serve in the Marine Reserves and was discharged in 1961 as a captain.
In 1957, Stevenson went to work as a clerk for a Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court and worked there until 1958 when he joined the law firm of Brown and Platt.
Illinois political career
In 1964, Stevenson was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives as an at-large representative due to reapportionment problems, serving from 1965 to 1967. He then served as Illinois Treasurer (1967–1970).
United States Senate
After U.S. Senator Everett Dirksen (R-Ill.) died in office in 1969 and Ralph Tyler Smith was appointed to the seat, Stevenson defeated Smith in a 1970 special election by a 58% to 42% margin to fill Dirksen's unexpired term. Stevenson introduced legislation requiring an end to all foreign aid to South Vietnam by June 30, 1975. He authored the International Banking Act, the Stevenson Wydler-Technology Innovation Act and its companion, the Bayh Dole Act, to foster cooperative research, organize national laboratories for technology utilization and commercialization, permit private sector interests in government funded research. He was the first Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee charged with implementing a code of ethics he helped draft. Stevenson was also chairman of a Special Senate Committee which reorganized the Senate and served on the Democratic Policy Committee. Inter alia, he also conducted the first in depth Congressional study of terrorism as Chairman of the Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence, leading to introduction of the Comprehensive Counter Terrorism Act of 1971 with warnings of "spectacular acts of disruption and destruction" and an amendment which proposed a reduction of assistance for Israel by $200 million until such time as the President could certify that the settlements polices of the newly elected Likud Government of Israel were consistent with U.S. policy. His amendment received 7 votes - making his point, that given a choice between supporting the U.S. and the "Israeli Lobby", Congress would support the latter.
Stevenson was re-elected to the seat in 1974, and in 1980 declined to stand for re-election, thus serving in the U.S. Senate from 1970 to 1981.
Stevenson was encouraged to run for President in 1976 by Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago, declined and was one of the finalists for Vice-President at the Democratic Convention that year. Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota was nominated for vice president.
Post-Senate political career
Stevenson ran for Governor of Illinois in 1982 and 1986, losing both elections to James R. Thompson. In 1982 the initial vote count showed Stevenson winning; however, the final official count showed him losing by 1/7 of one percent. Stevenson promptly petitioned the Illinois Supreme Court for a recount and presented evidence of widespread election irregularities, including evidence of a failed punch card system for tabulation of votes (later to become infamous in the presidential election of 2000). Three days before the gubernatorial inauguration, the Court, by a one vote margin, denied the recount, asserting that the Illinois recount statute was unconstitutional.
However, the Illinois Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit, and did so in a curious way. Instead of following the normal standard that decides a motion to dismiss, the court did not assume, for purposes of the motion, that the facts stated in the complaint were true. Instead, the court went "behind the pleadings" to look at the conduct of the original partial recount and then dismissed the case because it said that Adlai Stevenson had no reasonable cause to complain about the conduct of the counting and recounting activities. A grand jury later determined that Adlai Stevenson had unwittingly benefited from some 100,000 illegal ballots that had been cast in Chicago in the 1982 gubernatorial election. U.S. to probe primary vote fraud, Chicago Tribune, March 11, 1987. The Illinois legislature later changed election contest procedures based on the court's ruling.
In the 1986 campaign for Governor, in a fluke, two followers of Lyndon LaRouche won the Democratic Party primary nominations for Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State. Stevenson objected to their platform and refused to appear on the same ticket. Instead, he organized the Solidarity Party to provide an alternate slate for Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State, which was duly endorsed by the regular Democratic organization. Persuading Democrats to vote a regular Democratic ticket and then cross over to also vote for the Solidarity candidates for Governor, Lt. Governor and Secretary of State was doomed to fail; however, Stevenson and the candidate for Lieutenant Governor position, Mike Howlett, won 40% of the vote.
Since leaving the Senate, Stevenson has been active in business and cultural relations with east Asia. He is chairman of SC&M Investment Management Corporation, and co-chairman of HuaMei Capital Company (the first Chinese-American investment bank).
He has also held many positions with non-profit organizations in this area. He has served as chairman of the Japan-America Society of Chicago, the Midwest U.S.-Japan Association, and the Midwest U.S.-China Association, and as President of the U.S. Committee of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC). He is also co-chairman of the PECC's Financial Market Development Project, a member of the U.S.-Korea Wisemen Council, and sits on the Board of Directors of the Korea Economic Institute.
He is Chairman of the international Adlai Stevenson Center on Democracy housed at the family home near Libertyville, Illinois. The Center brings practitioners from the real world of politics together with scholars and experts from many parts of the world to address systemic challenges to democratic systems of government.
Political family history
Stevenson's great-grandfather Adlai E. Stevenson I was vice president of the United States (1893–1897). His grandfather Lewis G. Stevenson was Illinois secretary of state (1914–1917). His father, Adlai Stevenson, was governor of Illinois, Ambassador to the United Nations, and two time Democratic presidential nominee. Actor McLean Stevenson was his second cousin once removed.
Adlai Stevenson IV, Stevenson III's son, became a television reporter in Chicago in the 1980s. It is reported that when asked if he liked his name, he said he intended to become "Adlai the Last". However, in the summer of 1994, Adlai Ewing Stevenson V was born.
- ^ 'Illinois Blue Book 1965-1966, Biographical Sketch of Representative Adlai Stevenson III, pg.294-295
- ^ http://www.lib.niu.edu/1977/ii771121.html
- ^ http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/stevenson-steward.html
- ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 306. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
- ^ "Sen. Adlai Stevenson III: Staking out his role in Illinois and Washington ", Illinois Issues.
- Baker, Jean H. (1996). The Stevensons: A Biography of An American Family. New York: W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-03874-2.
- Adlai Stevenson III at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Political Science: Analysis of the 1986 election "debacle" in Illinois
William J. Scott
|Illinois State Treasurer
| Succeeded by|
Alan J. Dixon
|United States Senate|
Ralph Tyler Smith
| United States Senator (Class 3) from Illinois
Served alongside: Charles H. Percy
| Succeeded by|
Alan J. Dixon
Class 3: Edwards • McLean • Kane • Ewing • Young • Breese • Shields • Trumbull • Oglesby • Logan • Farwell • Palmer • Mason • Hopkins • Lorimer • Sherman • McKinley • Glenn • Dieterich • Lucas • Dirksen • Smith • Stevenson III • Dixon • Moseley Braun • Fitzgerald • Obama • Burris • Kirk
VP Nominee: Walter Mondale
Candidates: Birch Bayh · Lloyd Bentsen · Jerry Brown · Robert Byrd · Hugh Carey · Frank Church · Fred R. Harris · Hubert Humphrey · Henry M. Jackson · Leon Jaworski · Barbara Jordan · Eugene McCarthy · Ellen McCormack · Walter Mondale · Jennings Randolph · Terry Sanford · Milton Shapp · Sargent Shriver · Adlai Stevenson III · Mo Udall · George Wallace
Nominee: Gerald Ford
VP Nominee: Bob Dole
Candidiates: James L. Buckley · Ronald Reagan · Harold Stassen
Nominee: Lester Maddox
Nominee: Gus Hall
VP Nominee: Jarvis Tyner
Nominee: Roger MacBride
VP Nominee: David Bergland
Nominee: Margaret Wright
VP Nominee: Benjamin Spock
Nominee: Ben Bubar
VP Nominee: Earl Dodge
Nominee: Peter Camejo
VP Nominee: Willie Mae Reid
Nominee: Lyndon LaRouche